Secretary: Delphine Le Pierres
Internet site: www6.nancy.inra.fr/fare/
The FARE research unit is working on the mechanisms of deconstruction of lignocellulosic plant resources in natural ecosystems for agriculture and the environment and in (bio) technological processes for green and sustainable chemistry. In the value chain of agricultural and forestry resources, FARE's application and innovation objectives relate to i / upstream, the maintenance of soil fertility, carbon storage and the control of greenhouse gas emissions. and ii / downstream, the production of molecules, fibers and agro-sourced materials. All of FARE's actions are part of the national and European development of sustainable and circular economies.
6 URCA Professors-Assistant Professors, 6 INRA Researchers, 2 INRA and URCA research engineers, 14 technicians of which 13 INRA
Biomaterials - Biodegradation - Bioeconomy - Biogeochemistry - Lignocellulosic biomass - Biomolecules - Biorefinery - C and N Cycles - Cellulose - Confocal microscopy - Crop residues - Decomposition - Deconstruction - Enzyme - Enzymatic fractionation - Enzymatic functionalization - Extrusion - Fluorescent probes - Functionalized pentoses - Greenhouse gas emission - Hemicellulose - Infrared, fluorescence, UV spectroscopy - Isotope tracing 15N, 13C - Lignins - Lignocellulose - Lignocellulolytic microorganisms - Mechanical properties - Modeling of biodegradation - Nanomaterials - Natural fibers - Omic analyzes (meta / genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics) - Oxidation - Physico-chemistry of polymers - Plant cell wall - Rheology - Retting - Secondary metabolites- Soil - Solid State Fermentation - Surface propertiesThermomechanical properties - Thin polymer layers (Langmuir-Blodgett, spin-coating, layer-by-layer) - Trade offs between ecosystem and technological services - 4D modeling of biomass deconstruction - 4D image processing (space + t)
FARE is working on two themes related to agroecology and bioeconomy :
The first theme concerns mainly the study of biological processes of lignocellulosic biomass deconstruction or biodegradation (in field or reactor) using phenomenological and mechanistic approaches (e.g., interaction and cooperation between macro- and microbiomes; between microbial and enzymatic consortia) and modelling approaches of the systems studied (e.g., dynamic structural modelling of the biological deconstruction of plant cell walls, modelling of decomposition and enzyme efficiency in soils, modelling of microbial growth on lignocellulose).
The second theme focuses on the use of fractionation products obtained from lignocellulose for chemistry and materials using different approaches. A central point is the search for functionalities that are intrinsic to these fractions (e.g., anti-oxidant, film forming and optical properties) or designed by rationale transformations/modifications (surfactants, compatibilisation of composites, etc.). The processes can be biological (enzymes, microorganisms), physicochemical (polymer self-assemblies, extrusion), or a combination of elementary operations (chemo-enzymatic reactions, reactive extrusion, etc.). The targeted applications are molecules, polymers and materials with high added value or new properties, mainly on the basis of FARE’s research and patents (nanomaterials, molecules and biobased surfactants, fibrous materials, etc.).
To complete the two abovementioned themes, two cross-cutting activities are implemented: (i) to integrate knowledge, to orientate the experimental strategy and support-the decisions through modelling approaches; (ii) to manage simultaneously environmental and technological quality of biomass at the level of the transformation of lignocellulose and their further uses (trade offs between ecosystem services and ecoconception of products)
Delville J., Bliard C., Joly C., Dole P. (2000). Method for preparing a starch-based material, and resulting material - W0 0183610
Dufrancatel L., Kannengiesser P., Yhuel G., Marinkovic S. Estrine, B., Dole P. (2010). Novel oligomers, method for preparation thereof and use thereof for fluidifying and/or improving the stability of polymeric compositions - WO 2012062809
Remond Zilliox C., Ochs M., Muzard M., Plantier Royon R., Estrine B. (2010). Preparing surfactant compositions, comprises e.g. mixing lignocellulosic annual and perennial plant materials with water, contacting solution with strain or enzyme having xylanase activity to give composition of alkyl polypentosides - FR 2967164
Aguié-Béghin, V., Hambardzumyan A., Chabbert B., Foulon L. (2011). Films transparents et absorbeurs d’UV. Brevet déposé en France par l’Institut National de Recherche Agronomique (INRA) et l'Université Champagne Ardennes (URCA), n° 11 54299. 17/05/2011.
Dufrancatel, L., P. Kannengiesser,Yhuel, G., Marinkovic, S., Estrine, B., Dole P.(2011). Novel compounds, method for preparation thereof and use thereof for preparing polymers useful for increasing heat resistance of polymeric composition - WO 2012062799
Tighzert, L., Berzin, F., Risse S., Vitofrancesco M. (2013). Composition à base de polymères agro-sourcés et biodégradables. Université de Reims Champagne Ardenne. Dépôt électronique INPI 117/12/2013
Gimbert, I., Raouche S., Sigoillot J.C., Zhou S., Copinet E., Rouches E., Carrere H. (2015). Prétraitement de biomasse lignocellulosique avec des champignons filamenteux pour la production de bioénergies. FR1460472
Faurecia ; APM (Automotive Performance Materials); FRD (Fibres Recherches et Développement) ; La Chanvrière de l’Aube ; Agrafes CB ; ARD (Agro-industrie Recherches et Développement) ; Coperion K-TRon; Plastique d'Argonne ; Sciences Computer Consultants ; Verallia ; VITO (NL) ; AVANTIUM (NL) ; CERTECH (BE)
Member of the CEBB - Pomacle-Bazancourt (European Center in Biotechnology and Bioeconomy), through the URCA « chaire AFERE » (Agroressource Fermentation Enzymes), included in FARE;
Member of the Carnot Institute 3BCAR
FARE is attached to two INRA scientific divisions :
Update: march 2018