Induced Resistance and Plant Bioprotection (RIBP) - EA 4707

Contact details

Research Unit on Grapevine and Wines in Champagne (URVVC) - EA 4707
UFR Sciences Exactes et Naturelles
Campus Moulin de la Housse
Bat 18 - BP 1039
51687 Reims Cedex 2
France

Pr. Christophe CLÉMENT
Phone: (33) 3 26 91 33 39
Fax: (33) 3 26 91 33 39
christophe.clement@univ-reims.fr
Website: http://www.univ-reims.fr/urvvc

Présentation

The RIBP currently includes 50 people working on plant immunity. The activities of the lab can be decomposed into 3 complementary tasks: (i) immunity and elicitor perception, (ii) immunity and beneficial microorganisms and (iii) immunity and climate changes.

The RIBP is included in the RFS Condorcet (RF CNRS 3417), especially in the axis #1 (sustainable production and environment).

Staff

People with permanent position

20 scientists (6 professors, 14 assistant professors) including 8 habilitated
7 technical staff (1 secretary, 3 engineers, 3 technicians)

People under contract

13 PhD students
3 post-doc
4 engineers
3 technicians

Key words

- Biocontrol, climate change, plant immunity, fungal diseases.

Research topics

Plant immunity: plant defense mechanisms
Immunity and elicitor perception (receptors, membrane fluidity)
Immunity and beneficial microorganisms (dialog between plant and microorganisms, markers of tolerance and/or resistance)
Immunity and climate changes (drought, temperature)
Immunity and photosynthesis (enegetic costs of defenses)
Protection against fungal diseases (grey mould, downy mildew, grapevine trunk diseases, fusariosis and cereals, sclerotinia and rapeseed, …)

Skills

- Plant production under standard or stressing conditions (cell culture, in vitro culture, fruiting or vegetative cuttings, potted plants)
- Production of microorganisms pathogenic to plants or biocontrol agents
- Stimulation of plant immunity through biocontrol
- Tests of pathogenicity, biopesticides
- Defense metabolism, stress metabolism and carbon metabolism (molecular, biochemical, cell, tissue and organism level)
- Gene expression (qRT-PCR), protein production (heterlogous sytsem), microbiogical engineering, photosynthesis, microscopy (phase contrast, 3D, fluorescence, immunocytochemistry, in situ hybridation, …)

Main equipments

- Greenhouses (S2 and S3), in vitro culture, phytotrons, potted vineyard
- Molecular biology: qRT-PCR (3 appartus), automated electrophoresis system for RNA, DNA and proteins, spectrophotometer, Nanodrop, imaging system
- Microscopes for ^hase contrast, fluorescence, 3D, image analysor, microtome, ultratome, cryotome, knife maker
Photosynthesis assessments (gaz exchanges, imaging PAM, chlorophyll fluorescence, photosystems evaluation, stomatal conductance)

Patents

- 4 patents dealing with biocontrol of grapevine fungal diseases

Partnerships

Private partners

- Vranken Pommery, Roederer, Hennessy
- ARD, Bayer, Soufflet, Roullier, Pivert, Terra Nova, Nufarm

Academics

- Universities of Amiens, Compiègne, Bordeaux, Lille, Dijon, Calais, Lyon, Poitiers
- Universities of Davis (California, USA), Fribourg (Switzerland), Florence (Italy), Eger (Hungary), Aveiro and Lisboa (Portugal), Marrakech (Morocco), Blida (Algeria), Tunis (Tunisia), Ghand and Gembloux (Belgium), Cyprus, Sao Paulo (Brasil), Montreal (Canada), Laval (Quebec)

Others

- Interprofessional committee of Champagne vine (CIVC), French institue of grapevine (IFV), Arvalis

Networks

- COST « Grapevine Trunk Diseases », RMT Elicitra, GIS « Biocontrôle », SFR Condorcet (FR CNRS 3417)

Specificities

The RIBP is one of the few French labs working on plant immunity and its stimulation against both biotic and abiotic stresses. The special future consists in developing biocontrol approaches (i) based on a deepened knowledge of intimate mechanisms of plant immunity and (ii) taking into account the fluctuations of climate which affect not only the physiology plants, pathogens and biocontrol agents but also the interactions between these organisms.

CHRISTOPHE CLEMENT
Conseiller auprès du président pour la recherche / Directeur SFR Condorcet / Directeur RIBP
Phone 03 26 91 33 39
Fax 03 26 91 33 39

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Team

FABIENNE BAILLIEUL

Directrice adjointe Phone 03.26.91.82.01

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